It’s name literally translates to “horn of the bull”, or “bull’s horn”, so named because of it’s shape. 13 Amazing Health Benefits of Chili Pepper 1. Green peppers have a grassier taste. In Thailand, theyâre known as phrik kee nooâor mouse poop chiliâsupposedly because although they are small (like mouse droppings), they are undeniably noticeable (also like mouse droppings, I guess?). The Albino sweet pepper is a block pod type that grows 4-4.5 inches long by 2-2.5 inches wide. You'll also learn a lot about chili peppers and seasonings, my very favorite things. Learn more about the habanero pepper from Chili Pepper Madness, including the history, growing and cooking with them. Chili peppers range in their taste from only flavorant types to really hot chili peppers. Cuban pepper. Shishito Pepper. The Naga Viper has been rated at 1,382,118 Scoville Heat Units (SHU), according to tests conducted by the Warwick HRI Mineral Analysis Laboratory, UK, in November 2010. It's a key ingredient in Kung Pao chicken. In British English , the sweet varieties are called "peppers"  and the hot varieties "chillies",  whereas in Australian English and Indian English , the name "capsicum" is commonly used for bell peppers exclusively and "chilli" is often used to encompass the hotter varieties. Learn more about it below. It is a long, 8-inch pod that is tapered, with a horn-like shape. It is longer and milder than the bird’s eye style chilis which are used mostly in Thai soups and in the Schoville scale chart would be classed as hot chili pepper. Despite its giggle-worthy appearance, it is a fairly hot pepper, reaching up to 30,000 Scoville Heat Units. The gypsy pepper is a hybrid pepper resulting from a cross between a sweet Italian bull horn pepper and a bell pepper. The Hungarian Wax Pepper, as its name suggests, originated in Hungary. Capsicum Annuum. The puya chile is a Mexican pepper similar to the guajillo, but smaller and hotter. These may be green or red, and newer variants can be yellow or multi-colored. The plants are typically very productive and hardy. But, we're compiling information on chili peppers for you to learn more. The chilaca pepper is a mildly hot pepper that is an important part of Mexican cuisine. Origin: Where the chili pepper has its roots. They are very popular in Pakistani and Indian cooking, with a flavor similar to Scotch Bonnet Chili Peppers, but with less heat. Capsicum Annuum. It is typically dried and ground to make the more familiar powdered spice. Perfect for adding sweet zing to dishes. Originating in northern Spain, this pepper type is tart and smokey, perfect for sauces, and sandwiches. They reach up to 300,000 Scoville Heat Units. Extremely, dangerously HOT!! A. The peppers are named after the Mexican state of Tabasco, where they grow in abundance and are used in the local cooking. It is grown as a short-lived perennial, meaning it comes back each year, but only for 2-3 years. Learn more about them from Chili Pepper Madness. The flavor is distinctively fruity. Chilly Chili. The Anaheim pepper is a versatile chili pepper named for the city that made it popular, Anaheim, California. It was developed by Petoseed, a Southern California company specializing in hybridizing peppers and tomatoes. 50,000 to 100,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU) Piri Piri CAPSICUM BACCATUM. It is an extremely important cash crop in that area, and the livelihoods of thousands depend on a successful harvest. The pods grow to 2-3 inches long and ½ inch wide with wrinkled skin. Characteristics: Relatively large in size, the bell-shaped pepper in its immature state is green with a... 2. The cayenne pepper is a thin chili pepper, green to red in color, about 2 to 5 inches long. The NuMex R Naky chile is an Anaheim-type hybrid created by Dr. Nakayama of New Mexico State University in 1985. Scoville Heat Units: 2,500-3,000 SHU It is commonly sun-dried and used for chili pastes and curries. There are peppers that rise above even 60,000 Scoville units. This giant chili pepper was introduced by New Mexico State University in the 1970s as a cross between a few different types of local chiles and a Peruvian chile. The pods are smallish and yellow-orange when mature. Scoville Heat Units: 30,000 – 50,000 SHU In dried form, they are known as guajillo peppers. Scoville Heat Units: 10,000 – 23,000 SHU These chilies pack a potent and very popular flavour punch, rich with spice, acidity, sweetness and (of course) smoke. “Peppadew” is the brand name of piquanté peppers grown in the Limpopo province of South Africa that have been pickled and sweete... Pepperoncinis are sweet, mild chili peppers, usually sold pickled. Length: 3-6 in. Possibly the hottest of all the 7 Pot pepper types. This Japanese pepper also works well on the grill and served with a liberal sprinkling of maldon salt. Varieties of chili peppers include Habanero, Jalapeno, Cayenne, Piri Piri, Fresno, etc. Learn more about it here. Mature peppers are often dried before use. Scoville Heat Units: 1,400,000 – 2,200,000 SHU Learn everything we know about this insanely hot pepper. The word serrano means âof the mountains.â These pepper plants tend to grow in the elevated regions of Mexico, like Hidalgo and Pueblo. Chili con carne, meaning “chili with meat,” is probably what most people think of when they think of a bowl of hearty chili. The dish consists of meat like beef, pork or venison combined with assorted chili peppers with tomatoes, beans and onions cooked on the stovetop or in an Instant Pot . The actual chilisâwhen fresh and in their whole formâare usually skinny, elongated, and red, with moderate heat. The fruit is about 4-1/2 inches long. It is, in fact, one of the hottest peppers on the planet. The Aji Fantasy is an aji variety that was developed over a 5 year period in Finland. 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